Cliff has operated as a freelance consultant since 2004. He does research, authors reports and is a facilitator and trainer. While at Heriot-Watt University he was also involved in contract research.

He has worked on numerous projects:

  • With Spatial Foresight GmbH ( ) to deliver research-based reports for the ESPON Co-ordination Unit on European territorial development and policy.
  • With the Royal Town Planning Institute ( to deliver the UK National Contact Point for the ESPON 2013 programme. 
  • As an external expert for the Royal Town Planning Institute on transnational projects within the ESPON 2013 programme.
  • For the ESPON 2013 Co-ordination Unit as a peer reviewer on Sounding Boards for research projects.
  • On European Union INTERREG projects.
  • On other European projects.
  • On Commonwealth, international and global projects.
  • On UK projects.  

Other European projects


Erasmus+  is an EU programme supporting education, training, youth and sport.

  • Young Eyes, 2015.  Cliff worked with the partners in the Young Eyes project to develop a set of Guidelines for the delivery of the project.  

SWECO Urban Futures AB, Sweden

2013:  Case study report on housing regeneration in Wester Hailes, Edinburgh.


INTERACT is an EU programme that promotes exchange of knowledge and best practices amongst cooperation programmes.

  • Cultures of Planning – CULTPLAN, 2007. The project looked at the cultural context of planning in different European countries. Cliff worked with Christabel Myers and Verena Hachmann to research a case study.
  • Spatial Planning and Regional Competitiveness – SPARC, 2004-06. Cliff led this project while still at Heriot-Watt University, though he left midway through the project. It sought to develop a distance learning module.


The TEMPUS programme supports the modernisation of higher education in Eastern Europe.

  • While at Heriot-Watt Cliff was involved in a project during 1998-99 to develop an undergraduate planning course at the University of Architecture, Engineering and Geodesy, Sofia.

ESPON 2006 Programme

The ESPON 2006 programme (European Spatial Planning Observation Network) was a ground-breaking research programme that sought to identify territorial trends at EU-level and to assess the territorial impacts of EU policies.

ESPON 2006 Atlas

Cliff did the language editing on the 2006 ESPON Atlas

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